Buying CBD oil

So you've heard a lot about buying CBD oil in the press?

Cannabidiol (CBD) is a cannabinoid that gets a lot of positive attention globally, mainly due to its potential health benefits without the mind-altering effects like those associated with the more well-known cannabinoid, Tetrahydroncannabinol (THC). Although CBD was actually discovered before THC, the research has been more on the latter due to its euphoric effect and popularity for non-medical purposes.

During the 1980’s Dr. Rapheal Mechoulam and his team in Israel conducted a study on the potential application of CBD for medical purposes. This prompted further research into the potential of CBD for the treatment of a variety of ailments and has assisted in shifting the stigma towards cannabis.

There is some misunderstanding of the regulations around buying CBD oil legally in Australia, as well as how this differs from hemp oil. The information below is designed to assist in understanding this popular cannabinoid and help when considering buying CBD oil.

Terminology:

Cannabinoids (e.g. THC and CBD) are created mostly by the flowers, and also by the leaves. There are trace amounts in the stalks. The plant cannabis sativa contains more than 400 natural chemical compounds; at least 114 of these are classed as cannabinoids.

Cannabinoids are a type of chemical that interacts with the endocannabinoid system in the human body to produce a wide range of effects.

The Endocannabinoid System: The endocannabinoid system is a signalling network that controls various functions in the human body. The messaging molecules in this system are called endocannabinoids.

Endocannabinoids are very similar to the cannabinoids in Cannabis; endocannabinoids are manufactured internally by the body and phytocannabinoids are manufactured by the plant. Both endocannabinoids and phytocannabinoids bind to receptors within the body.

Cannabidiol (CBD): is a cannabinoid that will not get you 'high' - it is not considered psychoactive.

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC): Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) can have psychoactive effects at a sufficient dose, meaning the patient can have feelings of euphoria or they feel ‘high’, in addition to the medical effects. Learn more about THC and CBD cannabinoids here.

Image credit: Compass Lifestyle Clinics

What is the difference between CBD oil and hemp oil?

Hemp oil is another name for hemp seed oil. In Australia, the Food Standards Authority strictly controls any product that can be sold without restriction in supermarkets or pharmacies. These products can only be made from hemp seeds (from the cannabis sativa plant) that have been hulled and hemp seeds do not contain any cannabinoids. In Australia, hemp oil is primarily a food consumed for its omega-3 and omega-6 content. It can also be used to make soaps, lotions and shampoos.

Medical cannabis oil or CBD oil is a medicine derived from the flower of the cannabis sativa plant used for its potentially beneficial effects in various health conditions.

Did you know?

Both CBD and THC cannabinoids are listed on the Controlled Drug Register in Australia, therefore they cannot be legally sold directly to the general public. Only products with less than 0.01% of any cannabinoids can be sold directly to the public in Australia.

What is CBD used to help treat?

There have been over 130 conditions approved by the TGA for the therapeutic use of medical cannabis including CBD dominant or CBD only products. For more information about clinical research supporting CBD for therapeutic use in different conditions please visit the Research Library on GreenChoices or the TGA’s website.

There are further clinical trials being conducted and/or reviewed for a lot of conditions. We recommend you discuss research and treatment options with your doctor. Your doctor is able to contact the Little Green Pharma team to provide clinical evidence to support prescription applications for most conditions.

THC & CBD working in harmony

CBD is thought to have an anti-psychoactive effect that controls or moderates the ‘high’ caused by the THC.

Patients being prescribed these cannabinoids together will refer to their prescribing doctor’s advice to determine the best ratio of CBD to THC for their condition.

Reference: Roger Hudson, Justine Renard, Christopher Norris, Walter J. Rushlow, Steven R. Laviolette. Cannabidiol Counteracts the Psychotropic Side-Effects of Δ-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol in the Ventral Hippocampus Through Bi-Directional Control of ERK1-2 Phosphorylation. The Journal of Neuroscience, 2019; 0708-19 DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0708-19.2019

Want to buy CBD oil in Australia?

CBD oil cannot legally be bought over the counter or online in Australia because products containing CBD are considered Prescription Medicines. In order to prescribe a product containing CBD (or any medical cannabis as the active ingredient), a registered Australian medical practitioner must apply to the TGA for approval on behalf of the patient.

If you are looking for information on how to talk to your doctor about CBD oil, or to find a clinic or doctor who is comfortable and familiar with the prescribing process in Australia for medical cannabis, you can visit Find-A-Doctor or download the Simple Steps to Accessing Medicinal Cannabis guide.

Please note: the Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) is currently considering down-scheduling CBD in Australia to a schedule 3 medicine which would ease patients' access to CBD only products in Australia allowing them to purchase from a pharmacist without a script or TGA approval. If you would like to be notified of these changes, please subscribe to our newsletter.

Understanding the label

Buying Australian-made is a good first start to know that you are buying something "true to label".

Australia has some of the strictest quality requirements for therapeutic goods globally thanks to the Australian Government’s commitment to patient safety. All medical cannabis therapies produced within Australia must satisfy the strict labeling and quality requirements of Therapeutic Goods Order No. 93 (Standard for Medicinal Cannabis) (TGO 93).

If you cannot find any mention of how many milligrams of the active ingredient is in your purchased bottle, it is likely the product is not legal and may not contain what it states on the bottle.

Please Note:

  • All content on the Little Green Pharma website and associated portals, webpages and links, is for informational purposes only and has been prepared based on Little Green Pharma's understanding of the legislation, guidelines and cannabis industry experience in Australia. However, these circumstances may change and patients are recommended to check this site regularly for updates.
  • The content on the Little Green Pharma website is not intended to be a substitute for (a) professional medical diagnosis, treatment or advice, including in relation to eligibility requirements; (b) professional legal advice or guidance on legal or regulatory issues; or (c) information from manufacturers or suppliers in relation to different products or specific product information.
  • We recommend you always seek the advice of your physician or qualified health provider and other relevant professionals, in relation to such matters.

References:

Ahmed SA., et al. ‘Minor oxygenated cannabinoids from high potency Cannabis sativa L’, Phytochemistry, vol. 117, 2015, pp. 194-199.

Mölleken H, Husmann H. Cannabinoids in seed extracts of Cannabis sativa cultivars. J Int Hemp Assoc 4(2): 73-79, 1997.

Roger Hudson, Justine Renard, Christopher Norris, Walter J. Rushlow, Steven R. Laviolette. Cannabidiol Counteracts the Psychotropic Side-Effects of Δ-9-Tetrahydrocannabinol in the Ventral Hippocampus Through Bi-Directional Control of ERK1-2 Phosphorylation. The Journal of Neuroscience, 2019; 0708-19 DOI: 10.1523/JNEUROSCI.0708-19.2019

Russo, EB, ‘Taming THC: potential cannabis synergy and phytocannabinoid-terpenoid entourage effects’, British Journal of Pharmacology, vol. 163, 2011, pp. 1344-1364.