Full Spectrum Plant Extract
And its relevance to the entourage effect explained
Full spectrum plant (whole plant)
Our medical cannabis products are produced from freshly harvested cannabis flowers that have been grown naturally from cloned plants which allow for a predictable cannabinoid content for each chemovar or ‘strain’ we grow.
Whole or 'full-spectrum' plant extracts are produced in a way that preserves the balance of all the different cannabinoids, flavonoids and terpenoids in the plant.
The final oil products are a 'full-spectrum' plant extract from this plant material performed in a way that preserves the balance of all the different cannabinoids and terpenoids in the plant.
There is a strong belief that the therapeutic benefits of cannabinoids such as Cannabidiol (CBD) and Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)are improved when presented in a full-spectrum extract including minor cannabinoids, terpenes and flavonoids– this is referred to as 'the entourage effect'.
The Entourage Effect
The ‘entourage effect’, proposes whole plant cannabis extract made up of hundreds of active ingredients, including terpenes, flavonoids and cannabinoids, is more effective than isolated cannabinoids or terpenes used individually to treat a condition.
Investigations have shown whole plant extracts (with single cannabinoid dominance) are up to four times more effective than isolated single cannabinoids1). It is commonly observed in practice that patients have a better result from a whole plant extract as opposed to isolated cannabinoids.
Research is on-going into the synergistic potential of whole plant extract in a variety of conditions, but generally whole plant extract is preferred.
1. Russo, E and Guy, GW., ‘A tale of two cannabinoids: The therapeutic rationale for combining tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol’, Medical Hypotheses, vol. 66, 2006, pp. 234-246.